The present study is a comparative approach to revolutions and their effect on population health during the post-conflict period. Specifically, it attempts to determine whether revolutions that are accompanied by a coup d'état have a significant negative impact on post-revolution population health. Degree of revolutionary violence, governmental structures, and pre-revolution health systems is of particular interest as relevant variables. The study focuses on the Latin American countries of Nicaragua and Chile due to their similar region and timeframe. The revolutions and accompanying coup d'état in both of these countries do not demonstrate different patterns on public health in the post-conflict period; rather, governmental structure and regime type were found to be more influential on a nation s post-revolution health status than the occurrence of a coup d'état. It has also been found that the implementation of effective programs, community participation, and population expectation are the primary factors that influence post-revolution health status.