Withstanding Pressure: The impact of Transnational Forces and Social Force on Political Structures in the Iranian Green Movement of 2009 and the Arab Spring in Egypt during 2011
In this paper I will argue that the Egyptian uprising in 2011 succeeded due to Political decay: simplicity, rigidity, subordination and disunity of the state system, leading to the unity of social forces whose clear objective was the removal of Mubarak. In addition to this, I will consider the impact of the U.S transnational force supporting the uprising in the end. In contrast, the Iranian state system withstood the movement of protest, even with the existence of U.S transnational forces supporting the protesters. The Iranian state system withstood protest due to the modernization of its state system its complexity, adaptability, autonomy and coherence resulted in disunity among social forces on the streets. Humanities is an interdisciplinary study that covers a range of studies. This research is relevant to the study of humanities in that it looks at a gap in analyzing the events of the Arab Spring and the Iran Green movements. When looking at both events, many studies examine either the role of social media on the Arab spring and Iran Green movement, or examine the political decay of the state systems. The events of the Arab Spring and Iran Green movement have many more complexities than can be explained by looking only at the technological aspects or the political structures of the time. Humanities, within global ethics and human securities studies, fill this gap. This study looks at the relationship between transnational force and social force through political decay and its effect on the outcomes of uprisings. The importance of this research lies in the fact that there are very few comparison studies of Iran 2009 and Egypt 2011. Most writing on the subject either considers observations purely of the Arab world or only of one country. Iran and Egypt had a very different outcomes after these events, both countries share a lot of history and are important in the region. I will be using the John Stuart Mill system of logic- method of difference, where one considers two cases which had very different outcomes, although were similar in events.
Political science|Middle Eastern Studies|Military studies
Al-Naimi, Adil Mahfoodh Salim, "Withstanding Pressure: The impact of Transnational Forces and Social Force on Political Structures in the Iranian Green Movement of 2009 and the Arab Spring in Egypt during 2011" (2022). Doctoral Dissertations. AAI29998589.
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