Often involving sacrifice, heroism is not easily understandable in secular ethical theory, e.g. in Utilitarian, Deontological or Virtue Theory. The consequences of heroism may be useful or not; heroic actions are not duties; and heroism is neither a Golden Mean nor the habitual activity of good persons. If, though, we reverse direction, allowing moral status to a hero's self-imposed duty, the good consequences of his heroism are rational in Utilitarian terms.
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